Effects of low-dose hydrogen peroxide in the isolated perfused rat lung. Author: Habib MP; Clements NC Source: Exp Lung Res 1995 Jan-Feb; 21(1):95-112 Abstract: Isolated perfused rat lungs (IPRL) were used to determine if treatment with hydrogen peroxide would result in measurable changes in exhaled ethane during the early stages of capillary leak. Pulmonary capillary filtration coefficient, pulmonary vascular resistance, and dynamic pulmonary compliance were measured at two time points in an IPRL. Additionally, exhaled ethane was determined before and after the addition of 0.25 mM H2O2 to the perfusate in a second group of lungs. Lung wet/dry weight ratios were measured at the termination of the experiments. The ethane in the exhaled alveolar gas from IPRLs ventilated with 5%CO2/20%O2/balance N2 was quantitated using gas chromatography before and after the addition of 0.25 mM H2O2 to Krebs Ringer's 5% albumin perfusate. H2O2 (0.25 mM) caused a small but significant increase in capillary filtration coefficient from 0.0122 (+/- 0.0008) to 0.0173 (+/- 0.0013) mL/min/cm H2O/g dry lung weight (p < .05). Wet/dry lung weight ratios were increased in the H2O2-treated lungs (6.0654 +/- 0.1024 versus 5.4149 +/- 0.1143; p < .05). Exhaled ethane did not increase over the period of time hydrogen peroxide was present in the perfusate. In other experiments in closed-chested rats, 0.25 mM peroxide did not cause increased exhaled ethane, whereas 1 mM H2O2 did. This latter increase in ethane was not noted in similarly perfused open-chested rats. These data indicate that small amounts of H2O2 may increase pulmonary capillary permeability without affecting exhaled ethane measurements.